Long ago, a technique called “bonsai” was created in Japan to grow miniature trees in small containers. These trees were primary used as ornamental or decorative pieces inside and outside houses. Since that time, the technique has spread throughout the world as others have become interested in bonsai tree care.
Cultivating bonsai trees is more difficult than many people first presume. If not maintained properly, these trees tend to dry out and die quickly. This article explores 3 key elements to proper care.
Key #1: Water Is Critical
Though obvious to many people, others forget that bonsai trees are more than merely decorations. They require water to live. Take care not to over-water your trees as it is possible to drown them. Water them only when necessary. To check if your tree needs water, note whether the soil around the roots is becoming dry. If the soil is becoming dry, it is time to water your tree. If the soil is already completely dry, your tree is literally starving for water!
Key #2: Apply Fertilizer Properly
When your bonsai tree is in its growing stages, it is critical that you apply fertilizer to help it grow. However, a common mistake is to apply insoluble fertilizer to their trees. This type of fertilizer often causes them to die. You must apply water soluble fertilizer to allow your tree to grow correctly.
Apply the water soluble fertilizer once or twice a month during your tree’s growing stages. Make certain to apply the fertilizer when the soil around the roots is wet or the fertilizer will have little impact.
Check the ingredients of the fertilizer you buy to ensure it has the nutrients your bonsai tree needs to grow properly. Most fertilizers will have the necessary nutrients, but you should be certain. Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium all work together to promote leaf and stem growth and root development while offering protection from fungal attack.
Key #3: Allow It To Breathe
Your bonsai tree needs light and fresh air to grow and live. Try to keep your tree from the direct sunlight as the sun’s intensity can cause damage. Instead, place your tree where it can still benefit from the sun in a shaded area.
Fresh air and good ventilation indoors is also critical to your bonsai tree’s survival. Often, stale air inside a house or room can result in mildew. This mildew makes it difficult for the bonsai tree to breathe easily and will eventually cause it to look unhealthy.
Proper care is not easy, but it is simple. Follow the 3 key elements above to cultivate a beautiful, healthy-looking bonsai tree (or several) that your friends will marvel at when they visit. With attention to a few critical details, you can raise your own indoor bonsai tree garden!